Metis Folklore

Rugaru

The Rugaru legend has been spread for many generations, from French Canadian immigrants centuries ago.

Often the story-telling has been used to inspire fear and obedience. One such example is stories that have been told by elders to persuade Cajun children to behave. According to another variation, the wolf-like beast will hunt down and kill Catholics who do not follow the rules of Lent. This coincides with the French Catholic loup-garou stories, according to which the method for turning into a werewolf is to break Lent seven years in a row.

Chepskiboo

 A ‘Boogeyman’ figure, known for coming in the night and taking children away. Also found in the forest, particularly during the night.

Mamakwaseak

 They like to steal shiny things and cause mischief, but are generally good creatures who may come to help people if they ask.

Nenabush

The Nenabush is a trickster-shapeshifter mythical figure who helps humanity, as well as plays tricks on people. A common form it takes is a rabbit.

Wesakechak

The Creator’s helper, the Wesakechak takes the form of a Gray Jay (Whiskey Jack) bird. The Wesakechak is a youthful, playful spirit that always helps people.

Paakuk

A skeletal cannibal creature, a spirit who has possessed a human being and made them become monstrous. Seen during the winter seasons.